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The cells in our brains, nervous system, liver, kidneys and lungs all have cannabinoid receptors called CB1. Furthermore, our blood cells and immune system have additional receptors called CB2. These receptors are activated naturally by endocannabinoid’s, as well as through consumption of cannabis or manufactured derivatives. The exciting news is that over 100 cannabinoid compounds in marijuana activate the CB receptors, in a not so surprisingly therapeutic way.
Scientists have gathered anecdotal material and conducted research on the effects of marijuana and the body. What their discovering is that pot may help treat a plethora of conditions, such as depression, diabetes, heart disease and various forms of cancer. The two main compounds, in concentration and metabolic interactivity is Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the psychoactive compound that produces the “high” experienced by users who smoke cannabis for recreational purposes. However, researchers have become very interested in CBD.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. According to the national Institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases, “most of what we eat is broken down into the main source of fuel for our body: glucose. Insulin is required for glucose to get into ourselves. When we eat, the pancreas automatically produces the required insulin. With diabetes, the pancreas produces insufficient amounts of insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately.” This illness can cause a multitude of disorders, including depression, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease and can even require amputation of extremities due to improper circulation.
Synthesized CBD and THC are currently available for specific ailments. Marinol is used to treat chemotherapy related nausea, vomiting and weight loss. In the United Kingdom, Sativex spray is used to relieve pain. According to Dr. William Courtney, a northern California physician, “pharmaceutical giants are salivating. They want to isolate all the active ingredients of marijuana and turn them into 100 separate medicines”.